Kinnaur - A pioneer trekking over Listigarang - and Kashang pass

1)Kafnu (Bhaba Valley) - Listigarang Valley - Khasyan - Listigarang pass- Yulla (Bagain) Kanda - Rora Kanda - Kashang Kanda - Kashang pass - Pangi 
KAFNU:_ We turn around and drive into the Bhaba Valley to Kafnu. Camp at the artificial lake.
We sent our jeep back and are pedestrians from now on. Attendance of the village Yangpa and inquiry about the way over the passes to Asrang in the Taiti Valley. - "No one goes this ways, only a few sheperds you‘ll met" was the answer. Ok, we try it nevertheless!
Day1 :-We hiked over the villages Yangpa (2600m) and Grawa (2725m) through fields and orchards over a small hill (2800m) to Surcho in the Listigarang Valley. Camp in the proximity of the bridge over the Listigarang stream (2620m).--Rest at the valley entrance to the Listigarang Valley
Day2 :. Crossing of the Surcho bridge on the other valley side. 45min ascent up to an individually standing house "Somade" (2710m).
Over bridge again on the other valley side. Ascended direction Khasyan (3400m). The paths in the Listigarang Valley are used hardly and grow over to approx. 3000m with „Jumping herb“(Impations glandilufera) and Shivas favourite plant (Cannabis indica).
Khasyan, at the foot of the holy Pandoshwar (5806m). - Here it requires some orientation, in order to find the correct way. The Listigarang stream bends here to E/SE into the valley with the waterfall! Before must traverse the two tributaries, which flow from N and NE into the Listigarang. 
First one on a temporary bridge (3300m) and the second with "wet feet" (3350m). Afterwards a short, steep ascent into the valley with the waterfall. Camp at the way to the Listigarang bridge (3400m)
Day3:-Steep ascent to the Listigarang pasture (4000m). I need nearly 4 hours for 600 elevator meters. It is enough for today! The place is also too beautiful.
 Day4  Rest day. My morning pulse says to me: Acclimatize you still another day here!!!
Ascent to the Listigarang passport (4680m). A shepherd said to us: " you are in 1,5 hours on top." - Hmmm, I needed with breaks 4.5 hours! Orientation was also not simple here. There was no ways or way signs. Well, the sheperds know the ways! We followed the left Listigarang stream to his spring over 3 plateaus to the pass. To the south a further pass leads back to Tapri into the Sutlej valley! Stones, stones, stones! We try to orientate us over endless rubble fields. The ascending clouds made orientation more difficult. 12:30 o'clock I reached the pass. The weather was too uncomfortable, in order to stay here longer. Wind and clouds organize a race. My already tired legs drive me further and I concentrate me only on the next step.
800m steep descent over boulders. - 4 hours later I pitched my tent on the pasture Yulla Kanda (3890m). –
Day5 Yulla pasture, which Kanda - my muscular strain holds within limits! - Rest day. We become acquainted with the sheperds on these want to hardly believe that we come from Kafnu. "You could have been lost to it..., We didn‘t have foreigners here ever! Yes, one was here times ago alone, that we found later death at the glacier! We had warned him not to go alone and he should not photograph our holy mountain, Pandoshwar. He didn’t heard of us!" - That makes courage! The day before I photographed naturally its holy mountain too!!!!
Day6 Yulla Kanda - Rest day - Evening before Janmashtami (Krishnas birthday). The first village pilgrims comes to Yulla Kanda, in order to camp under rock shelters, with the sheperds or in our tent. It becomes a long evening!
Day7 Yulla Kanda - Janmashtami, a celebration in the mountains - "

 Although the sheperds want to persuade us to remain – it‘s Sunday and no humans starts on Sunday a route... - We went on the way again!
From Rora Kanda branches a valley to NW into glacier territory - an unknown trekking territory...
The next pass is already in range of vision. Again a steep "rubble dump", which makes me duly respect!We crossed the Rora stream on a bridge, moved over Rora Kanda the side valley upwards and furnished after cosy 4 hours our "base camp" on 4250m. A thunderstorm with hail holds us on breath in the late afternoon!
At night it continues to snow. Well then, good night!
Day9 Late start! At first, our tents had to thaw out after an ice-cold night.
 We look for "our way" by a 45-50° steep, fatiguing rubble slope to the pass again . - "Run-joy-technically" a disaster and not harmless! Where I climbed one moment ago, falling rocks to down! - Phew, I had luck !!! This pass is also not very hospitable, wind and clouds runs again around the bet. A cold valley with enormous snow field (or glacier?) lies before us. - OK, we must down there!
We reached the first flat place with drinking water after further 2 hours on 4480m and pitched our camp here.
Day10. After an ice-cold night: 7:45 o'clock arouses the first sunbeam our vital energy again. We descend to to the confluence at the Kashang River on 3985m. - Stones, stones, stones... It is enough! On approx. 4100m height I step first time into Sheep shit again, discover like a path and such a "thing" as green grass "flatter" my trekking shoes! About which one can be pleased in such a way? - My legs feel anyhow safer again.
Day11. Kashang Valley river downward to Kashang Kanda - Camp at the river (3450m).
It is still laborious even here to recognize the correct goat path as our way. We look into the side valley to the Nibling La.
 I wanted actually still cross this pass to the Taiti Valley to Asrang. But I could not motivate myself any longer. - No further "stone dump" more! In addition, I didn't know whether the Taiti Valley is attainable by traffic again.
Day12 Kashang Kanda to Pangi (2780m) - The civilization has us again!
Day13  Jeep Pangi - Taiti Valley (Asrang, Lippa). Camp in Asrang – and later  back to Kalpa.


Day 1 MORI– OSLA (2560 m / 8400 ft)
After an early breakfast we drive to Taluka (45 kms) and from there trek 13 kms to reach Osla ( 5-6 hrs). Overnight in tents.
Day 2 OSLA – HAR-KI-DUN (3566 m / 11700 ft)
Today we will trek 12 kms to reach Har-Ki-Dun, this will take about 7-8 hrs moving at a leisurely pace so as to enjoy the beauty of the valley. Overnight in tents.
On this day everyone does his own thing. One can go on an exploratory trek in the valley, capture some magnificent views on the camera, or just chill at the campsite. Overnight in tents.
Day 4 HAR KI DUN - MORINDATAL (4200 m)
Today we trek 6 kms at moderate pace to reach Morinda tal. Overnight in tents
Today we trek 8 Kms to reach Barasu Pass. We pitch our camp on the other side after crossing over to the other side of the the pass. Overnight in tents.
On this day we trek 10 kms to reach Doaria, Overnight in camp.
Day 7 DOARIA – CHITKUL (3430 m)
Today’s trek is of 10 kms takes about 8-9 hrs. Overnight in Chitkul Village.
Today we drive from Chitkul to Sangla. Overnight in Kinner camp at Sangla
Day 9 After breakfast proceed with your onwards journey. Trip ends here.

Barasu Pass – Yamunotri Trek






Chitkul to Doria Camp (4000 m)- 6hrs Walk
We go up the first court of Baspa by a well marked trail towards Tibet, whose border is only fifteen miles. Then we go  southward through the woods. Steep climb up to the meadow of Doria. Camp, above the forest.



Camp Doria to  Zupika Gad (4500 m) ( 5 hrs of walk)
The climb continues relatively gentle slope through landscapes more minerals. Encampment Zapiks Gad.



Zupika Gad over  Barasu pass (5150 m to  Lal Pathar (4450 m) (5 to 6 hrs of Walk)We climb through mountain scenery towards Barasu Pass (5150 m), border between the State of Himachal Pradesh and Uttaranchal. The slope is steep to the pass, but what a reward! The view extends north across the Great Himalayan Range, southern Zanskar to the Tibetan border (dominated by peaks over 7000 m with Ghori Parbat, Nilgiri, Mana, the Kamet) and the east to Nanda Devi massif which rises to 7816 m. Past the pass we descend to camp Dohr Nalla.



Lal Pathar to Har Ki Doon (3550 m) ( 5 to 6 hrs of walk)
Long descent of the upper valley of the Tons, a tributary of the Yamuna which we will find the source in the coming days. Camp in the beautiful pastures of Har Ki Doon.



Har Ki Doon to  Osla (2550 m) ( 4 to 5 hrs of walk)
The descent continues as the valley tightens. Just before the village of Osla we cross many fields. Camp near the traditional village of Osla, perched above the valley.



Osla to Ruinsara Tal (3321m) ( 5 to 6 hrs of walk)
Rise in a side valley towards the east through a forest of pines. Camp near Lake Ruinsara Tal.



RuinsaraTal to  Base Camp Yamunotri Pass (4200 m )5 Hrs walk
The vegetation becomes scarce as and when the climb. Camp at the foot of Yamunotri Pass.



Base Camp over   Yamunotri Pass (5170 m) to Damni (3965m) (6 to 7 hrs)We are moving back into a high mountain environment. We will shortly be spending a few snowfields before arriving at Yamunotri Pass (5170 m). Spectacular views of the surrounding peaks. Re long descent to pastures Damn, located above the treeline. Long day of walking! Camp.



Damni to  Yamunotri (3200 m) ( 3 to 4 hrs of Walk)
Short day's march, well deserved. We find the forest and soon the sacred site of Yamunotri, which can be visited in the company of pilgrims and sadhus. Camp.



Yamunotri toHanuman Chatti (2150 m) (4 hrs walk)
Descent by a very good path taken by hundreds of thousands of pilgrims and sadhus from early April to late October. End of trek. Overnight lodge or camp near Hanuman Chatti.

Treks in Kinnaur

        I)Kinner kailash Parikarma
Day1Thangi to Charang: 32 Km. : Lamber village exists in between.

 Day2This is a narrow valley.Charang to Lalanti : 15 Km. : It is a difficult trek having steep climb. Height of lalanti is about 15000 feet. Trekkers are advised to carry tents for stay at lalanti.

Day3Lalanti to Chhitkul: 20 Km. :Very difficult trek. Lalanti pass is ahead, situated at about 17000 feet. Early journey is required to cross the pass. After crossing pass there is steep down journey to chhitkul.

        II) Sangla to Dodra Kawar

Day 1 :Sangla to Kanda Soroden: Height: 10000ft. : Forest staging hut available.
Day2 Soroden to Dondyo : 9 Km. : Enroute beautiful pastures. Shepherds are present alongwith domestic animals.
Day 3 :- Dondyo to Dara village: 12 Km. : It crosses Rupin Pass situated at a height of 14500 ft. Dara is a first village of Dodra Kawar.
Day4 : Dara to Dodra Dawar : 8 Km.:

        III)Sangla to Dhamwari
1)Sangla to Kanda Soroden : 7 Km.
2)Soroden to Dondyo : 9 Km.

3)Dondyo to Litham : 15 Km. It is very difficult trek covering Gonas pass at the height of about 16000 ft. One needs to take an early start to reach before darkness. Beautiful waterfall at Litham. Puber river flows from Gonas pass. Long glaciers are seen after crossing the pass.
4)Litham to Janglik : 15 Km. :
5)Janglik village to Dhamwari : 18 Km. : In between lies the villages of Tangnu and Pekha.

IV)Sangla to Barang

Sangla to Barang : 30 km. : One day journey.

V)Tapri to Chhitkul
1)Tapri to Kilba via Chholtu and Thokro : 15 Km. : Forest rest house is available at Kilba.
2)Kilba to Sapni via Kanai village-12 Km. : Forest rest house is available at Sapni..
3)Sapni to Sangla via Baturi, Brua, Shong and Chansu : 25 Km. : Forest rest house is available at Sangla.
4)Sangla to Rakchham via Kashmir and Batseri village : 20 Km. : Trout fish form at Kashmir. At Batseri village route is to be divided by crossing river Baspa.
5)Rakchham to Chhitkul : 10 Km. :Height of Chhitkul is 11000ft. Last village of Sangla Tehsil.

       VI)Tapri to Kalpa
1)Tapri to Urni via Chagaon : 12 Km. : There are 14 ancient temples at Chagaon. Rest house at Urni is available.
2)Urni to Roghi via Yula, Meeru and Runang : 15 Km. : Rest house at Roghi.
3)Roghi to Kalpa : 7 Km. : Circuit house Kalpa.

       VII) Reckong Peo to Nako
1)Reckong Peo to Kashang Kanda via Telengi and Pangi village : 20 Km. : At Kashang one can enjoy the scenic beauty of thick forest & lush green pastures. One glacier viz. 2)Mukim-Chikim from where Kashang nullah orginates, is also situated at Kashang Kanda.
3)Kashang to Lippa via Asrang village : 15 Km. : The trekking route passes through a wild life sanctuary in which various wild animals such as ibex, black sheep etc. can be frequently seen.
4)Lipa to Temcho Lake : 10 Km., Height : 16000 ft.-via Changmang, Santtang : The villagers of Asrang, Lippa, Spilo, Kanam, Labrang, Karla, Ropa, Giabung, Rushking, Sunnam gathered at Changmang Santtang to celebrate Phullach (festival of flowers) on fourth September (20th Bhado). The people of this area believe that Pandavas have made this lake.
5)Temcho lake to Giabong : 15 Km. : Staging hut at Giobong.
Giabong to Hango : 14 Km. :via Sunnam village: Steep climb to cross Hango pass. Beautiful village surrounded by mountains on three sides. I&PH staging hut is available for the convenience of tourists.
6)Hango to Nako : 20 Km. : via Chuling, Liyo & Yangthang. At Liyo one has to cross river Spiti.

        VIII)Chhitkul to Gangotri
For trekking on this route prior permission is required from the authorities.
1)Chhitkul to Rani Kanda: 15 Km. approx. : The trek is on the right bank of the river Baspa. Lush green pastures & scenic beauty.
2)Rani Kanda to Dhumti : 15 Km. approx. :
3)Dhumti to Nithal Thach : 10 Km.
4)Nithal Thach to Rangthang : 10 Km. approx. : There are two passes one is Lamkhago pass. Another is Chhota pass. The height of pass is about 19000 ft.
5)Rangthang to Gangotri

Over Larsa (We Pass) from the Taiti-KINNAUR

The Taiti valley is almost 60 km from Wangtu, the exit point of the Bhaba valley. It is the last right bank tributary of the Satluj outside the new boundaries of the restricted area. Gerard records that this valley probably presented the easiest passage between Kinnaur and Spiti. As a result, it was used frequently by raiding parties from either side. To stem the ravages by marauders, the two sides entered into on agreement in the mid-eighteenth century banning the use of this route completely. But use of the Larsa We does not appear to have been inhibited for long by this legally created barrier. It is a long but often used route, enabling passage for both man and laden beast. The entire upper Taiti valley is known as the Lip, kanda pasture, home every summer to large flocks of sheep and goats from all of Jangram and Siding. July is the best month to go up, when shepherd camps can be met all the way to the pass.
The Lippa-Asrang wild life sanctuary is also part of Lip, kanda. The ibex is the major herbivore, descending as low as Asrang village, to seek food and water in the winter snows. Come spring they ascend to high ground again. By May, the males cross over to the Pin, leaving the females to deliver and rear the young (usually twins), on the nutritious grasses of Lipu kanda. The new leopard, the new wolf end the brown bear are the main predators. Among feathered creatures, the call of the snow cock is often to be heard.
From the main Satluj valley, the Taiti valley link road branches off NH 22 at Aren and ends a little below the small IPH rest house at Asrang. 
Day 1-Asrang (3350 m) to Phullang (3750 m)-16 km
From Asrang, past the hamlet of Tokto a broad mule track winds up the right bank of the Taiti for the 6 km to rotting kanda, the last cultivated tract in the valley. It is a shepherd trail thereafter, seeking the easiest way over rock faces and moraine-filled slopes. A steep climb from Porang kanda brings up a saddle (Phullang We, 4000 m) on a river side spur. A smaller descent on the other side leads to the sloping meadow of Phulang. 
Day 2-Phullang (3750 m) to Becho thach (3500 m)-14 km
Opposite Phullang is Raktha, offering access from the Taiti to the adjoining ropa valley, by the little known Manglang We. The route to the Larsa We stays on the right side, with an even bigger ascent than the day before, to a high point locally called Kangte (4200 mts).
Descending down the other side, the trail passes the Tutupang ground
before reaching the banks of the Drimbling. Just across this tributary of the Tan, is Becho thaah. On this two acre flat dotted with juniper and blue pine, both fuelwood and water are easier to obtain than in Phullang. Becho , thach is only a little higher than Asrang and if there
 a path through the steep cliffs below Phullang We and Rangte, the entire distance could be covered in one day. 
Day 3-Becho thach (3500 m) to Tepong (3975 m)-20 km
It is a longer but easier march from Becho thach to Tepong. Sheep trails follow both sides of the Tails and in years of normal snowfall, snow bridges enable one to switch banks frequently, making for a gradual climb along the river. In case of any doubts, it is safer to stick to the right bank route. Of the numerous tributaries of the Taiti crossed on the third day, the sizeable Wari immediately after Becho thach, is the first. Without a snow-bridge nearby, a detour upstream may be called for. This can give one the chance to see `Raja Kehar Singh ki thanti (King Rehar Singh's throne). This seventeenth century ruler of rampur is reputed to have sat and counted his flocks in Wari thach, from this spot. Beyond Wari lies the Homi thach pasture and further up the Gumzang , Chepong , and Tepong streams, before the night halt camp is reached. All these tributaries originate in the dividing range between the Taiti and Bhaba catchments. This high divide creates a marked difference in the vegetation of the two valleys. The Bhaba is sparkling green while the Taiti's sparse cover is a prelude to the aridity of Spiti. The river side steps and the stark, multi-hued rock faces have all the appearance of a valley in Spiti. But the Larsa crossing is still some distance away, and one shares an evening fire with the shepherds of Lipu kanda. 
Day 4-Tepong (3975 m) to Larsa (4325 m)--16 km
This is a shorter stretch than the preceding day but it involves a greater height gain. From the Thung gach pasture, the path climbs up a long glacier to Larsa, the last camp short of the pass. 
Day 5/ 6-Larsa (4325 m) to Ensa Sumdo / Kungri (3800 m 13700 m)-32 km / 48 km
From Larsa, the route to the pass lies not at the head of the valley but across the stream and off to the right. Traversing multi-hued rock
faces, the Larsa We (5275 m) is crossed, to enter the valley of the kukoti tributary of the pin . Unlike the dry, thirst filled climb up from Larsa, the way down lies over glacier covered slopes, till the Kuokti is reached. In the valley, the route follows the left bank, down to Ensa, Sumdo, where the Kuokti meets a large tributary. Ensa Sumdo (35 km, 3800 m) is summer time hamlet of the Tailing people. After a night halt, a well trod path will bring one to the main village in the Pin valley (8 km). From here on, the route is the same as from the Shakarog Khango/Pin-Bhaba pass, via Khar to roadhead below kungri (8 km).

RUPIN PASS :kinnaur

Day 1- Sangla 
Day 2 - Sangala – Nuru (12 km H 3600m)
In the morning, after breakfast at camp, cross a wooden bridge over the Baspa and follow trail SW up the right of the Rukti Gad to Sangla Kanda (Kanda Digri) in 7kms. Working along the valley slopes, pass through the hamlets of Palwachang and Kangalti to arrive at Nuru camp ground at the confluence of Rukti Gad coming from the left and Daundaro Garang which rises from the slopes of Rupin Ghati (pass) and flows down on your right.
Day 3 Nuru –Rupin pass 4625 M. – Dhanras Thach (H.3450 m.14 km by trek)
Morning breakfast at the camp then Ascending W towards the pass the valley narrows. The path runs close to the sandy bank of the Daundaro stream and hugging the stream reaches a point at 4000mt about 5km from Nuru. where it divides. To the right lies Guans Ghati (4795m), and straight ahead (WSW)Rupin Ghati a steep climb of 2.5km leads to the top and a panoramic view of several Kinnaur peaks. On the other side, go down a small glacier steeply into the Rupin valley, passing a fine 75m high waterfall. The path below crosses the torrent and follows the left bank to re cross it after 03km. to reach Dhanras Thatch. Upon arrival check in camp, have dinner& over night at camp.
Day 4- Dhanras Thach – Jiskon village (H. 2950 M, 12 km. trek)
Morning breakfast at the camp then proceed for trek. The Rupin Gad path leads through several meadow , crosses and recrosses the stream several time and arrives at Hooligan in 08 km. After another 04 km enter Jiskon village . Upon arrival check camp Dinner7 over night at camp.
Day 5- Jiskon - Sewa Dogri (H. 2000m, 12 km trek)
Morning breakfast at the camp, then follow down trek via Sari Dogri to reach Sewa Dogri, Dinner& over night at camp.
Day 6- Sewa Dogri - Netwar (H1380 M. 17km by trek.)
Morning breakfast at the camp then Greadualy down trek along passing through forest , village (with picnic lunch) to reach Netwar. Dinner& over night at camp.
Day 7- Netwar – Uttarkashi /Delhi
Morning after breakfast, drive for uttarkashi/ Delhi. Lunch enroute while driving , on arrival check Hotel overnight at hotel .

Mountain Passes in Himachal Pradesh


Name of the Pass

Altitude in Mts


1 Animal  Pass 4880 mts Kangra - Bharamour
2 Asha Gali 5030mts Lahaul Spiti
3 Basodan 2400 Chamba-Bhatiyat
4 Bhubu 2895 Joginder Nagar-Kullu
5 Baleni Jot 3730 Kangra- Chamba
6 Bherianga Pass 3978 mts Kullu-Lahaul
7 Burua Pass 4578 Kinnaur-Garwahal
8 Baralacha 4890  
9 Borsa Pass 5360 Kullu- Spiti
10 Charang 5266 Kinnaur-Garwahal
11 Chobia 4934 Lahaul Spiti
12 Chauri 3150 Chamba-Kangra
13 Chanderkhani 3600 Kullu
14 Dulchi 2788 Mandi- Kullu
15 Drati 4720 Kangra
Kinnaur to Yamunotri pass- (Level : Difficult)

Day 1: Delhi to Shimla  by bus/taxi
Day 2: Shimla to Chitkul by bus /taxi
Day 3 : Chitkul To Rani Kanda
Day 4 : Rani Kanda To Bonga
Day 5 : Bonga To Shorabira (Via Barasu Pass - 5,450m)
Day 6 : Shorabira To Morinda Taal
Day 7 : Morinda Taal To Har-ki-Dun
Day 8 : Har-ki -Dun To Osla - Seema
Day 9 : Seema to Deva thach
Day 10 : Deva thach to Ruinsara Lake
Day 11: Rest day at Ruinsara Lake
Day 12: Ruinsara Lake to Yamunotr pass 5500 mtr & camp at other side of pass.
Day 13: Camp to Hanumanchatti.
Day 14: Hanumanchatti to Darba top.
Day 15: Darba top to Dodital.
Day 16: Rest day at Dodital and explore near by area.
Day 17: Dodital to Bhewda.
Day 18: Bhewda to Kalyani to Uttarkashi.
Trek End.

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